Museum of professor Aleksandrs Biezins


The Aleksandrs Bieziņš Memorial Museum was established in 1987 at the Jaundilmaņi homestead of the Sarkaņi Parish in the Madona District. The museum opened its doors to visitors as a branch of the Pauls Stradiņš Museum of the History of Medicine in 1989. The museum’s collection is based on the personal property of Professor Bieziņš and his family. Visitors can review the professor’s scientific, practical and scholarly work, because it was precisely at Jaundilmaņi that his brilliant personality first began to emerge.

Professor Aleksandrs Bieziņš

Professor Bieziņš was born on August 31, 1897, and grew up on the homestead where his memorial museum is now located. He graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Latvia with high honours, and he is seen as the father of paediatric surgery in Latvia. The professor spent his entire career working at the Latvian Paediatric Hospital. In 1939, he became head of the hospital’s paediatric surgery clinic while also serving as a private docent at the University of Latvia. He was elected to the post of professor in 1946. In 1937, Bieziņš established the Institute of Physical Education and Sports Medicine, and he also served as the team doctor for Latvia’s national basketball team. The professor directed the Department of General Surgery, the Department of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy at the Rīga Institute of Medicine, and the Paediatric Clinic at the Rīga Institute of Scientific Research into Traumatology and Orthopaedics.

Professor Bieziņš loved science. He published more than 300 scholarly works, including several textbooks. The professor studied surgical methods which helped to correct bodily deformations in children. He studied treatments for cleft palates and problems with the oesophagus, as well as other aspects of orthopaedics and Traumatology. The professor was an outstanding pedagogue, and it was thanks to him that the Department of Paediatric Surgery was established. He was active in public affairs and headed the Latvian Scientific Association of Surgeons.

Professor Bieziņš was the first to receive the symbolic Golden Scalpel (1973), which is awarded in recognition of the highest achievements in the world of surgery. The professor also received other awards and honorary titles – the honorary title of a scientific worker with particular achievements in Latvia, the Order of the Red Flag of Labour, and the State Prize of the Latvian SSR.

Professor Aleksandrs Bieziņš died on May 18, 1975, and was interred at the First Forest Cemetery in Rīga.